L’Europe et les Territoires palestiniens: état des relations

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1. Accord d’association intérimaire entré en vigueur en 1997.

L’accord d’association comporte les volets suivants :

  • Mettre en place un cadre approprié pour un dialogue euro-palestinien
  • Opter pour une libéralisation du commerce
  • Renforcer les relations économiques
  • Contribuer au développement économique et social de la Cisjordanie et de la bande de Gaza
  • Encourager la coopération régionale


Accord d'association (Anglais)

2. Plan d’action dans le cadre de la Politique européenne de voisinage, présenté et agréé en 2004. Il stipule, entre autres mesures :

  • Multiplier les efforts pour résoudre le conflit du Moyen-Orient
  • Consolider la politique de dialogue et de coopération
  • Établir un système judiciaire efficace
  • Renforcer les institutions
  • Mettre en place un système de finances publiques efficace
  • Développer les relations commerciales
  • Améliorer la coopération au niveau du transport
  • Renforcer la démocratie et l’État de droit
  • Soutenir l’éducation

Plan d'action

3. Financement de l’UE (Commission européenne) engagé et versé :

  • 2000 à 2005 : 280 millions € en moyenne par an
  • 2006 : 340 millions €


4. Financement de l’UE + États membres :
2006 : 696 millions €
 

5. Crédits de la Banque européenne d’investissement :

  • 204 millions d’euros (1996-2003)
  • 55 millions d’euros (2004-2009)
     

6. Domaines d’action de l’UE dans les Territoires palestiniens :

  • Aide humanitaire
  • Consolidation de la paix
  • Justice
  • Environnement
  • Agriculture
  • Santé
  • Société civile
  • Culture
  • Secteur privé
  • Réfugiés
  • Éducation
     

Liste des projets
 

7. Bénéficiaires : institutions étatiques, secteur privé, enseignement, agriculteurs, ministère de la Justice, municipalités, ONG…
 

8. Export vers l’UE :
 

Année 2003 2007
Montant (Millions $) UE27 7,41 19,28
Export vers les pays de UE 27/ Total export 3% 4%


 

9. Import de l’UE :

Année 2003 2007
Montant (Millions $) UE27 32,78 63,93
Import des pays de UE27/ Total import 2% 2%

 

10. Investissements européens directs* :
85 millions d’euros pour la période 2003-2008, soit environ 14 % des investissements directs étrangers en Territoires palestiniens.
 

* provenant des pays suivants : Allemagne, Autriche, Belgique, Danemark, Espagne, Finlande, France, Grèce, Italie, Pays-Bas, Royaume Uni et Suède (Source : ANIMA-MIPO)